What is Hydroponics?
The word hydroponics technically means working with water, stemming from the Latin words “hydro” meaning water, and “ponos” meaning labor.In Hydroponics plant grows in water without using soil. As Plants grow through a process called photosynthesis, in which they use light and chlorophyll to convert carbon dioxide (a gas in the air) and water into glucose (a type of sugar) and oxygen. There’s no mention of “soil” anywhere in there—and that’s all the proof you need that plants can grow without it. What they do need is water and nutrients, both easily obtained from soil. But if they can get these things somewhere else—say, by standing with their roots in a nutrient-rich solution—they can do without soil altogether. That’s the basic principle behind hydroponics. In theory, the word “hydroponics” means growing plants in water (from two Greek words meaning “water” and “toil”), but because you can grow plants without actually standing them in water, most people deﬁne the word to mean growing plants without using soil.
The nutrients used in hydroponic systems can come from an array of different sources; these can include, but are not limited to, by product from ﬁsh waste, duck manure, or purchased chemical fertilisers.
How Does Hydroponics Work?
Plants basically need water, support, light (of particular wavelength) nutrients and appropriate environment to grow.In soil base culture soil provides support, water and nutrients to plant. In hydroponics support is provided with different growing medium and required nutrients are dissolved in water so roots can absorb nutrients from water it self.
How easy is it to Start Hydroponic Gardening?
While hydroponic gardening might sound pretty heavy on science, once you understand the nature of it is quite easy to get started. Once you have the right System in place and your hydroponic garden set up, hydroponically grown plants are incredibly easy to look after without the use of complicated technology.